Brief history of Islam | history of Islam religion | History of Islam timeline

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Brief history of Islam


It is indeed not easy to sum up the whole of the Brief history of Islam-the greatest religion of the world in a nutshell, a religion that spread like wild fire once Mohammad (P.B.U.H) who is the last Prophet for Muslims began the preaching. Mecca, the site of Kaabah was a center of trade with great powers like Byzantines, Ethiopians and Sassanians. The history of Islam religion is interesting, challenging and extensive since the origin of Islam is still a topic of debate for many people around the world. The most popular belief is that it started around 610 CE when Mohammad (P.B.U.H) received divine revelations while he was secluded in a cave praying and self-contemplating. The divine messages were carried and conveyed by one of Allah’s angels Gabriel (A.S) who asked Mohammad (P.B.U.H) to memorize them into bits and pieces.

The moment of the revelation itself needs vivid details to be elaborated since it was one of the most crucial and critical moment for Mohammad (P.B.U.H) and for all Muslims and the first person Mohammad (P.B.U.H) narrated the whole incident to, was Khadijah (R.A), his wife who immediately accepted Islam. Later recorded by his disciples in the written form, those divine messages were in fact the beginning of the revelation of the complete and the most authentic book on this planet- The Holy Quran.


For some devout Muslims however, Islam was there from the very beginning and is not directly accredited to Mohammad (P.B.U.H). Their belief gains strength through this excerpt from the Quran: “Say, ‘Anyone who opposes Gabriel should know that he has brought down this (the Qur’an) into your heart, in accordance with God’s will, confirming previous scriptures, and providing guidance and good news for the believers'” (Surah 2:97). Dictated by Mohammad (P.B.U.H) , many people were greatly influenced by the noble teachings of Islam and a huge conversion of the believers of the polytheistic religions, belonging to the clan of Quraish (the dominant and ruling tribe of Mecca that time) into this strict monotheistic religion took place which later met many oppositions as the influence grew stronger.


Those growing oppositions against the followers of the newly recognized religion forced the embracers of Islam to move from Mecca to Madinah along with Mohammad (P.B.U.H), their leader in 622. An excruciatingly painful and hard moment for Mohammad (P.B.U.H), he nevertheless asked his followers to stay firm in their belief and face all the hardships that have come their way in their services for Islam. This event was known as the Hijra which marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar. In Yasrab or Yathrib, Mohammad (P.B.U.H) laid the foundations of the new Islamic society, establishing new rules from the Holy Quran which were a source of in depth guidance for religious and political matters. Later, Mohammad (P.B.U.H) was able to gain control of Mecca back known in the history of Islam religion as the conquest of Mecca.


Mohammad’s (P.B.U.H) preaching continued till his death in 632 CE during which Holy Quran was revealed completely. Abu Bakar was proclaimed the new successor or first Caliph of the Muslims and in his leadership, Islam propagated even more rapidly. His death after two years however did not shatter the on going strong system. Succeeded by Umar (RA), Usman (RA) and then Ali (RA), also the very close companions of Mohammad (P.B.U.H), Islam saw a huge popularity and rise in the regions across the world, spreading to Middle East including Iran, Iraq, Palestine and Syria to Europe, Asia and Africa. During the reign of these Caliphs, Quran was also brought into a written form- the exact and untouched form which the Muslims hold in their hands today. The Caliphate system continued and evolved into the Ottoman Empire controlling huge regions of the Middle East from about 1517 to 1917 collapsing with the on set of World War I.


A brief history of Islam can be looked at through a summarized timeline in chronological order:

610 CE. Divine revelations to Mohammad (P.B.U.H), beginning of Islam

622 CE. Migration or Hijrat from Mecca to Madina.

630 CE. Destruction of the false idols, conquest of Mecca.

1000 CE. Propagation of Islam continues in Africa.

1099 CE. Jerusalem captured by the European Crusaders, later regained by the Muslims.

1120 CE. Asia sees rise of Islam with Muslims propagating the teachings to Malaysian traders.

1800 CE. Muslim African as slaves in the United States.

1870-1924 CE. Settlement of Muslim Immigrants from Arab to United States of America till 1924 when the Asian Exclusion Act was passed.

1965 CE. Muslim immigration rules revised. Boost for immigration of the Muslims in the USA.

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