English Tenses: Learning English Language

English Tenses: learning ENGLISH LANGUAGE

Present Simple Tense:



·         Positive Statement; I catch, He Catches.

·         Negative Statement; I do not catch, He does not catches.

·         Question Form; Do You catch? Does he catch?

·         Negative Question; Do you not catch? Does he not catch?



Use of s & es  in Tense:

·         We use _s ending in the third person singular word like plays and reads etc.

·         We use _es to the verbs that end with ss, sh, ch, x and o such as catches, matches, misses and goes.

·         If the verb ends with the _y consonant then we convert _y into _i and after _i we use the _es ending such as carry – carries, cry –cries.

·         But in the case of word “play” convert to plays is the vowel not a consonant so vowel ends with _s.

·         The auxiliary verb do in the questions and negative statements is not use with modal verbs and the verb to be.ie; Are you a tailor? Is he in School? I am not at home. He is not angry. Can you chat? Must I read? I cannot fly. He must not attack.

·         If the wh- pronoun (who, which) is use in questions sentences wh- pronoun will be the subject of the sentence, so in wh- pronoun we don’t use the auxiliary verb do. Compare the following sentences.


Who see you? (Who is the subject)

Which family belongs to you? (Which is the subject)

But in this sentence “who do you know? (Who is the object)

·         The negative question sentences express a surprise.

Doesn’t he work?



·         Present simple tense is use for daily activities that happen again and again like every day, sometimes, ever or never. See the following sentences.

I sometimes go to office by bike. You don’t speak Urdu. Do they get up early? He often late from office. She doesn’t walk. Does she ever guide you?


·         Present simple tense is use in facts sentences that’s true. See the following sentences to understand.

Cats are carnivores. Healthy body contains healthy mind.


·         Present simple tenses are used in time expression (tomorrow, next month) present simple tenses are also used in future timetables to manage your future plans. See the following examples;

The bus leaves at 9:00 am.

They return tomorrow.



Present Continuous Tense:


·         Positive statement: I am teaching. He is teaching.

·         Negative statement: I am not teaching. You are not teaching. He is not teaching.

·         Question statement: Are you playing? Is he playing?

·         Negative question statement: Are you not playing? Is he not playing?

·         The present continuous tense is complete with the addition of present participle(ing- ending in the verb.

·         The negative question usually expresses a surprise for example; isn’t he teaching?



The present continuous tense is used in following conditions:


·         The present continuous tense is used when something is continues at the time of speaking. So it is used in time expression such as now and at the moment. Plz see the following sentences;

I am doing homework at the moment

You are not teaching to me now!



·         Present continuous tense is used in true temporary activities and it is complete in two sentences and time expression is used in first sentence and present participle –ing ending is used in second sentence. Time expression like today, week and days are used. See more details in the following sentences;


I am in America, I am getting study here.

He can’t come to play today, he is going to school.

You can’t meet him this week, he is out of country.


·         The present continuous tenses are used in planning of future arrangements sentences with the time expression such as soon, tomorrow, Monday and next week. See the following examples;


I am coming soon.

We are visiting on Monday.

He is going next week.


·         Present continuous tense is used to explain the habits that something happens again and again with addition of “always”. See the following examples;



I am always walking in the lawn.

He is always drinking in the public place.



State verbs:

The state verbs are the following groups of verbs in which we don’t use the continuous sentence;


1.      Of senses: hear, see, taste and feel are not used in continuous sentence. On the other hand, watch, listen and look can be used in the continuous sentences. Some examples are following;


I can hear voice.

Can you see the world?


2.      The present continuous tense is don’t use in wishing, liking & opposite words of it such as like, love, fear, want, wish, hate and detest. Some examples are following;

I like birds.

I hate lizard.


3.      The present continuous sentences are not used in mental states such as believe, forget, remember, suppose, agree, know and think. Some examples are as follows;


I know you.

I think you are right.


4.      The present continuous tense is not used in permanent states like have, belong, own, contain, be, and possess.


I have two pens.

This shop belongs to me.


5.      These sentences are not used in appearance states such as appear, seem, sound and look.


It seems like a man.

Your face looks like a doll.







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